Medical Marijuana Definitions and Explanations

Discussion in 'Medicinal Marijuana' started by ScrogBetty, Dec 16, 2012.

  1. ScrogBetty

    ScrogBetty Guest

    Anandamide (or arachidonyl-ethanolamide) is an endocannabinoid or endogenous ligand to the cannabinoid receptor. It was the first to be discovered, in 1992.

    The term "cannabinoid" has different meanings. In a more narrow sense, it designates the natural cannabinoids of the cannabis plant. In the broadest sense, it includes all chemicals that bind to the cannabinoid receptors and related compounds. The endogenous ligands of the cannabinoid receptors have been termed endocannabinoids.

    Cannabinoid Receptors:
    Several cells in the brain and other organs contain specific protein receptors that recognize THC and some other cannabinoids and trigger cell responses. Other cannabinoids do not bind to these cannabinoid receptors and exert their effects by other ways. The discovery of specific cannabinoid receptors prompted the search for putative naturally-occurring chemicals that interact with the receptors, the endocannabinoids. There are at least two cannabinoid receptor types, CB1 receptors, and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are found in high concentrations within the brain and spinal cord. They are also present in certain peripheral cells and tissues (some neurons, some endocrine glands, leukocytes, spleen, heart and parts of the reproductive, urinary and gastrointestinal tracts). CB2 receptors are expressed primarily by immune cells und tissues (leukocytes, spleen and tonsils).

    Cannabis sativa L. is the botanical name and Latin binomial of hemp. Until now, there are 483 different identifiable chemical constituents known to exist in cannabis. The most distinctive and specific class of compounds are the cannabinoids (66 known), that are only known to exist in the cannabis plant. Other constituents of the cannabis plant are: nitrogenous compounds (27 known), amino acids (18), proteins (3), glycoproteins (6), enzymes (2), sugars and related compounds (34), hydrocarbons (50), simple alcohols (7), aldehydes (13), ketones (13), simple acids (21), fatty acids (22), simple esters (12), lactones (1), steroids (11), terpenes (120), non-cannabinoid phenols (25), flavonoids (21), vitamins (1) and pigments (2), elements (9). The very most of these compounds are found in other plants and animals and are not of pharmacological relevance with regard to the effects exerted by cannabis preparations.

    Dronabinol is another name for the naturally occurring (-)-trans-isomer of delta-9-THC, often used in a medical context in the scientific literature. There is no chemical or pharmacological difference between the natural dronabinol found in the plant and dronabinol that is manufactured synthetically or semi-synthetically.

    The endogenous ligands of the cannabinoid receptors have been termed endogenous cannabinoids or endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are produced by the body of humans and animals. Some endocannabinoids are arachidonyl-ethanolamide (anandamide), 2-arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG), 2-arachidonylglyceryl ether (noladin ether), arachidonyl-ethanolamine (virodhamine), and N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA).

    Produced by the body, not delivered from external sources. The endogenous cannabinoids are called endocannabinoids.

    Hashish is an Arabic name for cannabis resin or compressed resin glands, containing 5-20% or even more THC.

    Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is an annual plant, normally dioecious, with male and female flowers developing on separate plants. Depending on THC and CBD content hemp can be divided into fibre and drug types. There are regional differences in the employment of the terms cannabis, hemp and marijuana. In the USA and Canada the term "hemp" is usually only applied to fibre hemp in contrast to the term "marijuana", while in many regions of Europe hemp ("Hanf") can be applied to drug types as well (in the sense of the old term "Indian hemp").

    A ligand binds to a specific receptor. The ligands of the cannabinoid receptor are called cannabinoids. The endogenous ligands of the cannabinoid receptor are called endocannabinoids.

    Marijuana (marihuana) is a colloquial name for dried leaves and flowers of drug cannabis varieties rich in THC (1-20% THC). The median content of THC of confiscated marijuana in the USA in 1997 was 4.2%. Marijuana available on prescription in the Netherlands contains 15% or 18% THC.

    Marinol is a preparation of synthetic dronabinol, dissolved in sesame oil, as capsules of 2.5, 5, and 10 mg dronabinol.

    Nabilone is a synthetic derivative of delta-9-THC with a slightly modified molecular structure, available in some countries on prescription.

    THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) usually refers to the naturally existing isomer of delta-9-THC, but also may include delta-8-THC. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and delta-1-tetrahydrocannabinol are two names for the same molecule according to different numbering systems (monoterpenoid and dibenzopyran nomenclature). Generally the natural (-)-trans-isomer of delta-9-THC of the cannabis plant, the (-)-delta-9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol or dronabinol is designated. Chemically, delta-9-THC is defined as (6aR-trans)-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahy-dro6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol with a molecular weight of 314.47 Da.
  2. Steve Cool

    Steve Cool Guest

    Marijuana Glossary

    The More You Know - this seems like info we need to make available for the newbies out there... this brief list helps give definition to some of the more popular phrases you'll hear within the 420 community. Whether you're visiting your local collective – or sitting around the smoke circle with some of your best buds, these phrases will help unlock the 420 code. Regardless of whether you are hoping to become the next pot Baron – or just grow your own meds, these basic definitions of cannabis-based products, popular marijuana trends, and useful cultivation terms represent the beginning of a new understanding. One in which newbies may otherwise get confused by – or veterans can utilize as a chronic reference spot.

    Consider this Marijuana University and the terms in this glossary and definition thread will be part of your marijuana midterms. The more you know – the more you grow

    Amendment 64 - makes the private use, and limited possession and home-growing of marijuana legal under Colorado law for adults 21 years of age and older; establishes a system in which marijuana is regulated, taxed, and distributed similarly to alcohol starting October 2013; and requires the state legislature to permit the cultivation, processing, and sale of industrial hemp.

    Cannabis Sativa– used interchangeably as another word for marijuana, basically a preparation of the Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine.

    Cannabis Indica – one of the original two sub-species of marijuana of which all strains/breeds stem. Effect of usage described as, “heavy, stony high that is relaxing and can help different medical problems”.
    Cannabis Sativa - one of the original two sub species of marijuana, of which all strains/breeds stem. Effect of usage described as, “cerebral, up and energetic”.

    Cannaboids - the label for anything that uses any of the chemical compounds related to THC of cannabis or marijuana.
    Dispensary - the physical location where medical marijuana in various forms is dispensed to a patient.
    Dab - a popular trend of marijuana usage as of late, that involves any (concentrated) product of a chemical (or organic) extraction being performed on cannabis. Butane is usually used to create products such as hash oils, “earwax” and other forms of concentrated marijuana.

    Earwax – concentrated form of all the cannabinoid chemicals in cannabis in a form similar to the consistency of actual ear wax.

    Edibles – a food product infused with an amount of THC chemical compound that is ingested, usually resulting in a longer, more intense result of feeling, depending on the amount and tolerance.
    Growers – labor workers who grow marijuana crop for medicinal purposes and transactions in a dispensary.

    Hemp – the derivative of the cannabis plant containing a very small amount of THC.
    Medical Marijuana Collective - a group of qualified and legal patients or legal caregivers who share or are motivated in a common interest, such as the production and transfer of medical marijuana amongst the group.

[li]Strain- term used to describe the “breed” qualities of a particular plant. Potency, smell, effect, density, among other things vary from strain to strain.

    THC – A compound, C21H30O2, obtained from cannabis or made synthetically, that is the primary intoxicant in marijuana and hashish.

  3. 4th Street Medical

    4th Street Medical New Member

    Globally accepted by the medicinal society as an alternative treatment for patients, marijuana effectively helps a wide range of medical conditions and diseases, including muscle spasms, glaucoma, Alzheimer's disease, AIDS, HIV, diabetes, chronic pains and cancer.
    fosterlogan6731 and Monterey Bud like this.
  4. JohnKing

    JohnKing New Member

    Sometime you need to know about how marijuana test is important for us. It will give a long term as well as short term effects on our body. The short term effects are Red eyes, Dry mouth, Increased appetite, Slowed reaction time and Loss of coordination. Suppression of immune system is the long term effect of marijuana.
    fosterlogan6731 and denys shaun like this.
  5. Pot Valet

    Pot Valet New Member

    Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed upon definition.The use of cannabis as a medicine has not been rigorously scientifically tested, often due to production restrictions and other governmental regulations.
    There is limited evidence suggesting cannabis can be used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and to treat chronic pain and muscle spasms.
    Its use for other medical applications, however, is insufficient for conclusions about safety or efficacy. Cannabinoids may help to fight with different ailments such as :

    THC Improves Surival Rate From Traumatic Brain Injuries
    CBD May Reduce Obsessive-Compulsive Activity
    Cannabidiol (CBD) As An Alternative To Antipsychotics
    Inhaled Cannabis for Neuropathic Pain and Diabetes
    Cannabinoid Treatment May Fight Prostate Cancer Growth
    THC May Inhibit The Progression Of The HIV Virus
    Cannabinoid Therapies for the Treatment of Alcoholism
    CBD Treatment May Reduce Central Nervous System Inflammation
    fosterlogan6731 and denys shaun like this.
  6. denys shaun

    denys shaun New Member

    Nice post , have learn many thing from this post .

    Thank you
  7. Dank Head Shop

    Dank Head Shop New Member

    Great post man thanks!
  8. kid4twenty

    kid4twenty New Member

    These marijuana/cannabis definitions and meanings are sure to help. Thanks for the post, really appreciate it. I didn't know there was so many different terms for cannabis.
    Jacobson Wyatt likes this.
  9. spankysmith87

    spankysmith87 New Member

    Cannabis can be easily recognized by its leaves. There are three types of weeds:

    Sativa: Sativa leaf recognized by its narrow leaf structure.

    Indica: Indica leaf recognized by its broad leaf structure, and they are overlapped with each other.

    Ruderalis: Ruderalis leaves are small in size.

    Generally there are 7 leaves in Cannabis.
    Jacobson Wyatt likes this.
  10. spankysmith87

    spankysmith87 New Member

    Hi Everyone

    First of all thanks for providing such great information regarding marijuana. I am also doing research on this topic, that how we can use marijuana in Medical Science and the information you had provided here is beneficial to me. Keep posting like this.
  11. spankysmith87

    spankysmith87 New Member

    Hi Everyone

    First of all thanks for providing such great information regarding Marijuana. I am also doing research on this topic, that how we can use marijuana in Medical Science and the information you had provided here is beneficial to me. Keep posting like this.
    Felipe Dasilva likes this.
  12. lewiscopeland18

    lewiscopeland18 New Member

    A typical road and recreational medication that originates from the weed plant: the hemp plant cannabis sativa. The pharmacological dynamic fixing in pot is tetra-hydro-cannabis (THC). Pot is utilized to increase observation, influence state of mind, and unwind. Many individuals think pot is innocuous, however it is most certainly not. Indications of cannabis utilize incorporate red eyes, torpidity, and ungraceful body developments. The long haul impacts may incorporate diminishing in inspiration and hurtful consequences for the cerebrum, heart, lungs, and conception framework. Individuals who smoke cannabis are additionally at expanded danger of creating disease of the head and neck. A pharmaceutical item, Marisol, that contains engineered THC, is accessible as a physician endorsed medicine. It comes as a pill (taking out the hurtful and tumor creating chemicals exhibit when pot is smoked) and is utilized to assuage the sickness and regurgitating related with chemotherapy for disease patients and to treat loss of hunger in Helps patients.
  13. williamhanson4041

    williamhanson4041 New Member

  14. williamhanson4041

    williamhanson4041 New Member

    Despite the fact that maryjane, or cannabis, is generally known as a recreational medication, it has been utilized as a solution for a huge number of years. Its recreational utilize is as yet illicit in everything except a modest bunch of U.S. states. Many states have sanctioned it for therapeutic utilize, however the Nourishment and Medication Organization (FDA) hasn't endorsed it as a drug.
    Felipe Dasilva likes this.
  15. fosterlogan6731

    fosterlogan6731 New Member

    :)Nice post , have learn many thing from this post .
    Felipe Dasilva likes this.
  16. Jacobson Wyatt

    Jacobson Wyatt New Member

  17. Felipe Dasilva

    Felipe Dasilva New Member

    Hi everyone!
    Here's a list of illnesses that medical marijuana can help treat.
    And many more!

    Also check out our Instagram account- @legalizemedicalmarijuana

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