Where Can You Grow Marijuana Legally in the United States?

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You’ve probably heard all the news about cannabis legalization making waves across the country. With all these wins for cannabis reform, it’s hard to keep track of the laws in each state. Well, we’ve created this list for our devoted green-thumb readers.

For those interested in cultivating your very own stash, read on to discover the states in which you can legally grow cannabis.

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What States Allow Adults to Grow Cannabis?

Alaska – Alaska passed recreational marijuana in 2014 which granted the right for Alaskans over 21 years old to grow 6 plants at home. Only 3 of these plants are allowed to be flowering at one time. However, if you live in a residence with two adults over 21 years of age, you may collectively grow a total of 12 plants, 6 flowering.

California – Thanks to the passing of Prop 64, all Californians over 21 years of age are allowed to cultivate 6 plants within the privacy of their home. Home grows must be kept behind a locked door and not visible to the public. Adults may possess no more than 6 plants at once. Cities are allowed to prohibit its residents from growing outdoors, but they aren’t allowed to prohibit indoor growing.

Colorado – Adults over 21 years of age are legally allowed to cultivate 6 plants in their Colorado home. Only 3 of these plants may be flowering at one time. Those who choose to exercise their right to grow are allowed to share up to an ounce with other adults. It’s important to remember that counties and municipalities can impose stricter laws — for example, the city of Denver limits home grows to 12 plants even if three or more adults over age 21 live in the residence.

Maine – Thanks to the passing of recreational marijuana in Maine this last Tuesday, adults are now able to cultivate 12 plants in their residence. Up to 6 of these plants may be flowering at one time. Adults are allowed to store an unlimited amount of cannabis seedlings. Cannabis plants can be cultivated indoor or outdoor, however, outdoor plants cannot be visible from a public road or the sky (meaning they need to be covered). Plants must be tagged with the driver’s license number or identification number of the grower.

Massachusetts – Thanks to last Tuesday’s passing of recreational marijuana, all adults in Massachusetts are legally allowed to grow up to 6 flowering plants at home. Those 21+ are allowed to cultivate up to 12 plants, but no more than 6 can be mature at one time. You must grow within your primary residence. Growers can share up to an ounce of their harvest with other adults.

Washington D.C. – Adults over the age of 21 can legally grow 6 plants in their residence. Only 3 of these plants may be flowering at one time. Since the federal government has a ban on marijuana, those living in federally subsidized housing are restricted from growing their own herb.

Nevada – Thanks to the recent passing of recreational marijuana in Nevada, those 21 and over can legally grow 6 mature plants at home beginning January 1, 2017. Adults may have no more than 12 plants in their possession, with only 6 flowering at once. Your grow room must be locked and kept out of sight. You can give away up to an ounce of dried buds.

Oregon – Oregonians over 21 years of age are legally allowed to grow up to 4 cannabis plants in their home. This is assuming you are growing in your own home, landlords can still convict tenants for growing marijuana if it breaches the lease (be sure to check the lease or ask permission!). You can legally grow your 4 plants in your backyard as well, but you must live 1000 feet from schools and your plants cannot be visible from the street.

What States Allow Medical Marijuana Patients to Grow Cannabis?

Arizona – If you are a patient who lives more than 25 miles away from a state-licensed dispensary, you are allowed to grow up to 12 cannabis plants in a locked facility.

Montana – Thanks to the recent passing of Initiative 182, Montana patients are now allowed to grow up to 4 mature plants and up to 12 seedlings.

Hawaii – Patients living in Hawaii are able to grow no more than 7 cannabis plants, immature or mature.

Michigan – Medical Marijuana cardholders in Michigan are able to grow up to 12 marijuana plants in an enclosed, locked facility. Patients are also allowed to grow those 12 cannabis plants outdoors, as long as the garden is not visible to neighbors or the public.

New Mexico – Patients are allowed to grow up to 16 plants, however, only 4 cannabis plants may be flowering at one time.

North Dakota – Thanks to the recent legalization of medical marijuana in North Dakota, if a patient lives 40 miles or more away from a dispensary they may cultivate up to 8 cannabis plants at home.

Rhode Island – Patients living in Rhode Island may cultivate up to 12 plants and 12 seedlings in an indoor facility.

Vermont – Patients in Vermont are allowed to grow up to 9 cannabis plants, however, only 2 of these plants may be flowering at once.

Washington – While Washington State has legalized cannabis for recreational use, the state did not legalize home grows for adults over 21 years of age. Patients who are entered into the state’s patient database may cultivate up to 6 cannabis plants at home for personal medicine. If approved by a doctor, patients may recieve an endorsement to grow up to 15 cannabis plants. 

About Author

Allie is a NW-based content curator for Marijuana.com and an organic farmer at TKO Reserve. She has been a professional in the marijuana industry since she was 18 years old, spending the first five years of her career working for Dope Magazine as lead photographer. Allie has worked on mainstream projects such as Idiot's Guide: Growing Marijuana, Branding Bud: The Consumerization of Cannabis and her own self-published book, As The Grass Grows.

17 Comments

    • Hey Kyle we are gonna have it NJ as early as 2018 we need Christie to Leave i heard on the radio that the Democratic Legislators are not pursuing to impeach him over Bridgegate but WE NEED TO VOTE for a Democrat i Believe Phil Murphy is his name is running a Marijuana Legalization Campaign for Govenor of Nj for the Governor election

      • Are you completely insane?? Vote in a democrat just to grow weed??? Although I believe everyone should be able to enjoy some weed from time to time, it’s not worth it to mess up every other aspect of your state.

  1. Lawrence Goodwin on

    Thank you for the information, Allie Beckett. Your journalistic work is such a blessing!

    Cannabis plants are fascinating in so many ways—the main reason lawmakers, bureaucrats and corporate titans have sought to eradicate them from American soils over the past 80 years. Nationwide, their official ‘war’ against cannabis plants rages on. Federal “marihuana” law remains unchanged and fully enforced in many parts of this country. (New York, where I live, is literally comparable to the Dark Ages; if you grow 12 cannabis plants in your house, a neighbor is likely to turn you in to police agents, who pretend like their solving a real crime by conducting an armed seizure of said plants that local media then demonize to the public. Such stories keep appearing in NY news year after depressing year.) Regardless of the recent Election Day victories for legal cannabis cultivation, the incoming administration of President Donald Trump—illegitimate, in my view, because Hillary Clinton was clearly given the “mandate” by voters—could unleash a new round of anti-cannabis tyranny in all 50 states. If you think Trump and the lunatics around him care about America’s cannabis plants, including hemp crops for seed, pulp and fiber production, you may be proven sorely wrong in February 2017. The United States of America, as a political entity, has been actually dead for a very long time. Welcome to the One Party Dictatorship that only a few brave souls saw coming. These criminals don’t even have to hide it anymore.

  2. you should really tell people what will happen to them in those states when there caught with a 7th plant, and let people know about the harsh penalties for selling or how a certain amount possessed is a automatic intent to sell charge. how the young in cali will have to be forced to go to drug counseling……this is not freedom this is a steal of your industry by the same people that persecuted the nation for generations,,,,,,,,,now yer paying them

  3. This article is a little irresponsible. It is still federally illegal and the Feds can still kick in your door. Should probably keep that in mind.

  4. robert croonenberghs on

    I live in Arizona and as far as I know you cant legally grow weed anywhere. not just within 25 miles of a dispensary

  5. Regarding Nevada: This summary is quite confusing since it begins in the singular stating a person can grow 6 plants, then switches to the plural citing “Adults” (plural) can have no more than 12 plants. So are you talking about a single person or two people? Clear as mud writing here.

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