Legal Cannabis Has Been Introduced by the Government of Canada


During the last few months, Canadians have felt the palpable anticipation hanging over the legalization of marijuana.

Cannabis lovers, growers, dispensary owners, and all others with with an interest in the expected end to prohibition have been anxiously awaiting the government’s official announcement to legislate and eventually legalize this long-suffering plant.

Today, that announcement finally arrived.

In a scheduled press conference, the federal government laid out the guidelines that will carry the nation forward into a new age of cannabis freedom.

Here are the details for legal marijuana in Canada:

First, anyone 18 or older will be permitted to possess up to 30 grams of dried marijuana. Adults will also be allowed to grow four plants per household and each plant can be up to 100 cm (approx. 40 inches) in height. Those growing marijuana at home can also turn the buds into cannabis products such as food for personal use.

Taking any cannabis or its derivative products across international borders can result in a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison. Further to that offense, two new penalties have been created. Those are giving or selling marijuana to minors, or using minors to commit a cannabis-related crime.

For the distribution and sale of marijuana, as predicted, the individual provinces and territories will oversee the logistics. Additionally, provinces and territories can modify the minimum age to a higher number if they see fit.

Thankfully, the timelines are still on track as well, with the announcement that new laws are expected to take hold no later than July 2018.

Drug-impaired driving will be heavily scrutinized under this new act, with police being authorized to conduct roadside saliva tests if they have reasonable suspicion that a driver has used cannabis. Those suspicions can be eye redness or the smell of pot for example. The legal limit has currently been set to 2.5 nanograms of THC per every milliliter of blood. First time offenders can get a $1,000 fine and license suspension for one year.

With Colorado as a likely example, Canada has not forgotten about the potential for cannabis tourism revenue. Visitors will not be allowed to bring bud or any product containing it back across the border of course, but won’t face any restrictions on the amount of pot they may consume while in Canada.

In an interesting twist, despite the fact that the task force recommended no co-location for the sale of pot — not selling cannabis products at locations that also sell alcohol — there have been no restrictions on this in the actual bill. This decision could be detrimental to dispensaries in places like Ontario, who seemingly favour the LCBO option.

If any province chooses to opt out entirely of selling marijuana, they have to do so, but the federal government can provide access online in those cases. Further to that point, if a province neglects to put a sales network in place, consumers will be permitted to purchase weed directly from a licensed producer.

Anyone who is under the age limit caught with marijuana can be prosecuted but won’t receive a criminal record if they have 5 grams or less in their possession.

Other details such as the level of taxation and the decision to sell marijuana in plain packaging will come at a later date. For cannabis advertising, it can only be informative and not lifestyle oriented.

Those are the main details of a historic moment in Canadian history. The Cannabis Act will move forward into Parliament, with access expected by the summer of 2018.

Looking at the timeline, it is incredible how far this legislation has come. What started out as a campaign promise, quickly turned into a potential reality once Justin Trudeau became Prime Minister on October 19, 2015.

Since, a task force of federal officials was put in place and extensive research on the cultivation, sale, legalities, and penalties was executed. The research was done both domestically and internationally, and during that period Canadians were invited to join the conversation.

Today, the culmination of all these efforts has materialized into a comprehensive legislation, that has finally been introduced into Parliament. That introduction has set the ball rolling on the world’s first G7 country to fully legalize adult-use marijuana.

About Author

Jon Hiltz was a journalist for for two years and is now director of content for INDIVA, a licensed cannabis producer in Ontario Canada.


  1. I find it appalling that they start out what stiffer charges for driving then drinking fever did considering the impairment is nobwahere near thaw same I see it all a big money grab

  2. What many of the opposers don’t think about is that this helps people who are in pain etc. The “plant” has been around for eons, yet pundits are appalled at it being legalized all over the world. No, that does not mean Extascy (sp) should fall into this category like opioids and their given out like candy by crooked doctors. You need to feel what users feel to understand.
    This is not a nuclear drug!

  3. I tried to get to Banff with an oz of personal in 2007. Border called RCMP and they did not want to come to Sasketchewan so they turned me around and sent me back. 14 years? That would have really been a buzz kill.

  4. One meter plants are OK? For all the foot dragging and committee reports they really don’t know what they are talking about. Perhaps the liberal cabinet members will make a lot of money from dwarf clones?

    Thirty grams is OK? Ah yes just like the laws restricting you to a single bottle of anything alcoholic or the law saying you can only have a single pack of cigarettes or a single cigar. This is ridiculous Reefer Madness.

    We’ve been driving stoned for the last 40 years and nothing will change, even if they had the death penalty for driving while stoned. Recent data from US states that have legalized marijuana show no increase in consumption or stoned drivers. It is true Reefer Madness when the proposed roadside tests can’t measure impairment

    All this hype is reefer Madness until marijuana is treated like coffee in super markets!!!

  5. Its all bull crap. We should know by now, everything that comes out of a poly-ticks mouths backwards, what they say think of the opposite. Well never learn. Damn Sheeple…

  6. What has not been discussed and been completely disregarded, is the fact that medical cannabis patients use this beautiful plant everyday and do require it daily. Having said that and having personal experience, (AND I have also discussed this with many other Cannabis patients), is that while smoking Cannabis doesn’t in fact impair me as a driver, it does make me a better one. On the flip side, eating Cannabis handles my CB2 receptors and makes me feel intoxicated, but I am aware so it’s always a default never to drive under an edible influence. I always wait 24 hours to drive again.
    I think what needs to happen here in Canada are “reality” studies. Under the “influence” of Cannabis and driving road testing, as well as timing the withdraw of THC. SINCE, THC can stay in your blood for up to a month since last use, there is no room for patients to be within the new laws. We cannot rationally include these laws until we see the capabilities/defects people who don’t use it and exempt the medical patients from becoming more stressed. MTC.

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